Fire testing of railway materials by EN 45545-2

The EN 45545-2 standard outlines the requirements for evaluating the fire behavior of materials and components used on rail vehicles, including trains, subways, and trams. Testing in accordance with the standard is compulsory throughout Europe.
Railway material fire safety testing by EN 45545-2
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The purpose of EN 45545-2

As trains have limited, often crowded spaces, it is crucial to ensure that fire does not start easily, spread quickly, or release a significant amount of heat, smoke, or toxic gases to the environment. The EN 45545-2 standard lists the required tests to assess these properties by material type and the hazard level of the vehicle.

Train component fire testing

Choosing the testing procedure

EN 45545-2 testing procedure is decided based on material type (interior & exterior surfaces, upholstery, flooring, cables, etc.) and vehicle hazard level (HL1–HL3). Testing conditions are strictest for materials used on HL3-level trains, which are the most difficult to evacuate due to, for example, having sleeping cars or operating in tunnels.

There are a total of 26 requirements (R1–R26) tailored to specific types of materials or components. Each requirement covers one or several tests based on other EN and ISO standards. For example, meeting the R10 requirement for floor composites requires passing the EN ISO 9239-1 and ISO 5560-1 reaction-to-fire tests and the EN ISO 5659-2 smoke generation test.

Request a quote for your material

If your company produces materials or components to be used on trains or other rail vehicles, you can request a quote for EN 45545-2 fire testing through the form below. Please describe the material and its intended application in as much detail as possible, as such details will determine which tests are needed. We will then prepare a quote for you in one business day.

Request a quote

Fill in the form, and we'll reply in one business day.

Answering the following questions helps us prepare an offer for you faster:

  • How many samples do you have and what is the sample material?
  • Do you have a recurring need for these tests? If yes, how often and for how many samples at a time?

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