Overall migration testing – simulant E (Tenax)

Overall migration (OM) into simulant E (Tenax) measures the sum of volatile and semi-volatile compounds that migrate from a food contact material into food via the gas phase.

According to Regulation (EU) No 10/2011, food simulant E is assigned for materials that are intended for contact with dry foods (e.g., salt, dried spices, semolina, sugar) or which can be considered to have a dry surface (e.g. unpeeled fruits, frozen foods). Simulant E can be also used if the tested material absorbs or is otherwise not able to withstand a liquid simulant (e.g. uncoated paper, napkins, tissue paper).

Due to its thermal stability, Tenax is used as a simulant for the overall migration testing of materials intended for high-temperature applications (> 100 °C) if testing with olive oil is not technically feasible. Typical instances include e.g. ovenable paperboard packaging, baking paper, cooking utensils made from polyamide, and ovenable silicone molds.

The test method intended for plastics and paper have been described in standards EN 1186-13 (method B) and EN 14338, respectively. The standard overall migration limit (OML) in either 10 mg/dm2 or 60 mg/kg, depending on the regulation.

Compliance of the results can be evaluated according to various regulations/guidelines; see Table 1 for details.

Table 1. Examples of available safety references for compliance evaluation of the results.


Regulatory or other safety reference


Regulation (EU) No 10/2011

(Uncoated) paper and board

Resolution CM/Res(2020)9;

DGCCRF MCDA sheet n°4 (V02 – 01/01/2019)


Silicones Europe guidelines;

French Arrêté du 25 novembre 1992



Coatings, varnishes, adhesives

Regulation (EU) No 10/2011

Suitable sample matrices
Plastic, rubber, elastomers, silicone, paper, paperboard
Required sample quantity
Film: 2xA4-size sheets. Article (< 250 ml): 6 items. Article (> 250 ml): 3 items. Other: 3 dm2
Typical turnaround time
5 weeks after receiving the samples
Detection limit
LOQ 0.5 mg/dm2
Available quality systems
Accredited test method

Pricing and online order

Price per sample (Excl. VAT):
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